Sumatran coffee is one of Sumatra's most finely textured coffee varieties and has the heaviest and most complex flavor amongst the world's diverse coffees. Most of Sumatra's coffee is processed dry (processed), but partly through a semi-washed process.
Sumatran coffee is very famous for its Mandheling or Lintong that grows on the southern coast of Sumatra island. Sumatran coffee that grows more westward is known as Gayo Mountain coffee. Gayo Sumatran coffee is described as a sweet and clean coffee. Coffee experts who want to buy Sumatran coffee usually see the aging of Sumatran coffee beans. These beans give off "ground" and "spice" flavor. This is the uniqueness of Sumatran coffee beans making it one of the most sought after coffee among the world's coffee.
Aceh coffee has become Indonesia's mainstay in terms of production and quality excellence. The reason is about 40 percent Arabica coffee beans the premium level of total coffee harvest in Indonesia is the production of the Aceh region. The production of smallholders in Aceh in 2010 reached 50,774 tons. Every year coffee production in Indonesia reaches an average of 600 thousand tons and more than 80 percent of the coffee beans are produced from all the Indonesian smallholders.
Arabica Coffee is the most developed by Gayo Coffee farmers in the Gayo highlands of Aceh. The production of Arabica Coffee from Tanah Gayo is the largest in Asia. Gayo Aceh coffee does have a distinctive taste and has been recognized by a coffee taste expert (cupper) coffee world, Christopher Davidson. The existence of Gayo coffee is also not separated from the long history of Dutch colonialism in central Aceh in the early 10th century. In 1918 the Dutch government to make gayo coffee as a future product, this is in line with the high interest in foreign markets to the unique taste of Aceh gayo coffee. Most of Gayo's arabica coffee commodities are developed in three districts of Central Aceh, Bener Meriah and Gayo Lues. Total Gayo Aceh coffee plantations in 2010 reached about 94,500 hectares, comprising 48,500 hectares in Aceh Tengah, 39,000 hectares in Bener Meriah Regency, and 7,000 hectares in Gayo Lues.
Sidikalang Coffee - North Sumatra
Coffee sidikalang already famous for its tasty taste, even not only in the country but to abroad. One of the rivals for the coffee of Sidikalang is brazil coffee, one of the best coffee in the world. Sidikalang is the capital of Dairi District, located in a cool mountainous area. According to coffee experts, the distinctiveness of Coffee Sidikalang obtained from a combination of cold and soil type in the Bukit Barisan area with an altitude of 1,500 meters above sea level. In North Sumatra there are three best coffee producing regions, namely Lintongnihuta, Mandailing, and Sidikalang.
Besemah Coffee - South Sumatra
Besemah coffee is one of the most popular coffee by the people in South Sumatra region, the aroma and taste of a savory leave a distinctive impression for the coffe lovers. The majority of Besemah Coffee is a type of Robusta that grows in the highlands around the mountains & hills. The most famous and sought after by coffee connoisseurs is Pasemah Coffee originating from the Pagaralam region that grows on farmers' estates around the slopes of Mount Dempo
Robusta coffee from Pagaralam is always known for its special aroma. The smell had smelled, even before the coffee was brewed. The local coffee farmers say that Pagaralam coffee is one of Queen Yuliana's favorite coffees in the Dutch era. Queen Yuliana is a coffee lover, and never miss a day without coffee. In Pagaralam, there is a coffee garden specially made to produce the best coffee beans, and the crops are all delivered to the Queen's Palace kitchen of the Netherlands. The location of the coffee garden is the pride of the people of Pagaralam is located in the vicinity of Simpang Padang Karet.
Besides, there is also Basemah Coffee from Muara Enim and East OKU regencies commonly called Semendo Coffee, also from around Lahat and Empat Lawang regencies although the type, aroma and taste is similar to Pasemah Coffee from Pagaralam area.
This coffee spot is spread in several places in various regions in South Sumatra. One of them is quite famous is in Chinatown that stood since the time of Sriwijaya in Pasar 16 ilir. The ordered coffee is instantly baked on the spot, wrapped, and ready to be enjoyed or for souvenirs.
Lampung coffee is quite deserved to be categorized as one of Indonesia's best coffee because of its distinctive aroma and its distinctive flavor. The type of coffee cultivated by most coffee farmers in Lampung area is Robusta Coffee. Most of the Lampung coffee plantations in the Lampung highlands are smallholder plantations concentrated in Lampung Tengah, West Lampung and Tanggamus areas.