Indonesia is indeed rich with crops. Since ancient times the European nations have fought for the spice of Indonesia, sugar, tea, chocolate, palm, and coffee. Indeed coffee and tea is not a commodity native to Indonesia but since brought into the archipelago, coffee has become a superior product in the world. This article captures 7 types of Indonesian coffee that is very famous in the world and a source of pride from this blessed country. This article has many shortcomings and we invite the Indonesian coffee community to comment and provide constructive criticism.
Discussion about Indonesian coffee will not be complete without Kopi Luwak. Kopi Luwak is the most expensive type of coffee and is one of the most strange types of coffee. This coffee is the result of coffee beans eaten by Luwak animals (pictured above) and undigested coffee beans. Digestive system luwak absorbs the sap from coffee beans and ferment it makes Luwak coffee has an exotic taste, almost like syrup and very soft with caramel and cocoa scent. It felt unchallenged. The origins of this coffee according to folklore are very unique. When the Dutch colonial era the peasants were forbidden to taste the coffee beans from the plantation they worked on. Because they want to try the coffee drink they then one day know that the animal luwak eat coffee and from digestion throw the whole coffee beans. Farmers take the beans and boil them. Because the taste is very exotic luwak coffee then spread everywhere.
Java coffee or "Java" is one of the most influential types of coffee in the world to the extent that "Java" is an English slang for coffee. Coffee production in Java began in the 17th century by the Dutch colonial government and since then Java has become one of the largest coffee producers in the world. Java coffee is a unique type of Arabica coffee because of the geographical conditions of Indonesia. This coffee has a heavy body, sweet, and soft, a little aroma of the forest. Java coffee is part of the legendary mix of "Mocha Java" which is a mixture of Java and Coffee and Yemen. Currently, most coffee plantations in Java are controlled by PTPN, which continues the Java coffee tradition that has been worldwide.
Toraja coffee is coffee which mostly comes from Tana Toraja around Kalosi area. This coffee is very famous. Toraja coffee is coffee that has low acid content and has a heavy body. Coffee Sulawesi and Sumatran coffee have a similar distinctive flavor, such as the taste of soil and forest. The flavor arises as it affects processing after the beans are picked. Toraja coffee is now patented in Japan and US by local entrepreneurs so that Toraja coffee sales in both countries must go through both companies.
Sumatran coffee consists of various types of coffee derived mostly from Mandailing, Lintong and Gayo. Coffee from this area is usually soft and smooth, slightly acidic and flavored with cocoa, tobacco, and soil. In terms of history of Sumatra coffee is very famous especially Mandailing coffee. Mandailing coffee comes from the arabica beans that Haj brought home from Mecca and then planted in Minangkabau, during the Dutch colonial rule of the Dutch East Indies forcible cultivation of coffee in 1847. This effort led to expanded coffee plantations from the Minangkabau region flowing to the north, that is to the area Tapanuli. Lintong coffee is grown in Lintongnihuta and Sidikalang in southwest Lake Toba. Gayo Aceh coffee is produced around Takengon in Aceh. Because of its unique processing methods Gayo coffee is softer than Lintong and Mandailing coffee.
Balinese Coffee or Kintamani is an arabica coffee that feels soft and sweet. This coffee is produced in Subak Abian system that encourages organic coffee management and cooperation. This coffee has been certified Geographical Indication from CIRAD (Center de Cooperation en Recherches Agronomique pour le Developpement) as unique coffee originating from Bali.
Lanang Coffee is not a special kind of coffee beans but is a term for coffee beans are round and single not split like coffee beans in general. As the name implies (lanang is the Java language for men), this coffee is believed to increase the vitality of the traces. This coffee is mostly produced in East Java. For coffee lovers, it is suitable to consume coffee lanang is because the caffeinnya level is very high so it is not easy to sleep in addition to the taste of coffee is so smooth. This lanang coffee is suitable to be consumed in areas where the air is quite cold, as in the District Kalibaru and Glenmore the rainfall per year that reaches an average of 10 years so that the area is quite cool ranged between 22 degrees (minimal) Celsius to 34 degrees Celcius (maximum).
Wamena coffee or Papuan coffee is generally a type of Arabica. The famous estates are 15,000 feet from the beach with temperatures of 20 - 25 degrees Celsius. These coffees are organic coffee of the highest quality. Because Papua is still very fertile soil produced very well. The aroma of coffee is fragrant, smooth and has a very sweet after taste. Some coffee activists equate this coffee with Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee beans. Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee is Arabica coffee grown in the Blue Mountain area of Jamaica and is a premium coffee. Among other Arabica coffees, this coffee contains the least amount of caffeine.